As such, people should be given the right to practice prostitution as a way of safeguarding their individual rights and freedoms

As such, people should be given the right to practice prostitution as a way of safeguarding their individual rights and freedoms

It implies that those in authority had given up their leadership roles, hence surrendering the school to delinquents. During the Cold War was viewed by contemporaries as a dangerous depiction for the U.S. public schooling and youth. The film portrays a culture that, if transported to a foreign land, could highly erode America’s reputation.

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Gender

was set in a boy’s high school to be in line with the perception that criminal activities are essentially male (McCarthy 320). A lot of the characters in the film are male with a few female personalities given positive roles to protect delinquents from involvement in criminal activities. The female characters presented in the film are teacher Lois Hammond and Anne Dadier. The two women became victims of the male students’ criminal activities. The male students’ behavior is portrayed as extreme to the extent that they were a threat to female teachers. For example, Hammond was given a warning that she would need to be protected from the students by a National Guard if she attempted to dress in a manner that would slightly provoke them. The men showed rowdy aggressiveness that seems to justify the perception that there are associations between crime and testosterone levels. Besides, owing to the social-economic status of the students, the film seeks to justify the argument that criminal activities are stronger among members of the lower socio-economic classes.

One of the nasty scenes observed in the film is when some male students climbed the top bar of the schools’ fence towards a passing female as they made crude sounds. Their facial expressions and gestures are also used as an illustration that crime and immorality is mainly a male characteristic.

Being a film that was produced by Hollywood, has shown features that are associated with Hollywood movies. It used causal effects and events in the creation of heroes. The students were made to be involved in a series of activities that helped to create heroism of the teacher, who came later to revive sanity in the school. The film displays the presence of a unrealistic goal associated with the thirst to have a state of normalcy restored in the school, where the authority has surrendered their responsibilities. The rowdy students are presented to have taken full control of the school as if no governing authorities existed to curb the vice.

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Order Essay with this Title demonstrates how movies can be used a way of addressing the various vices that threats the normal functioning of a society.123helpme.me Being one of the institutions expected to promote peace by instilling morality in children, the author seems to lobby for idealistic public debate concerning education in the United States. It is by investing in its institutions that the country can help to restore sanity in schools and enable them serve as essential advocacies for change. As witnessed in the film, the goal of education could not be achieved due to the dilapidated educational facilities plus the subsequent lack of control/authority in schools. For sanity in almost any education systems, governments need to address the challenges that teachers encounter when they are faced with hostile working conditions among such other issues as gender violence. Film Review Samples

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Sociology and Prostitution

In relation to sociologists, it is extremely difficult to eliminate prostitution in a capitalist society. Basically, prostitution is a source of income to many people, especially those with limited opportunities to make a living. Indeed, the sociological perspective examines the social contexts, in which people live and interact in a capitalistic society. It examines how they behave making others to act in certain manners. One perspective identified by the sociologists in regard to prostitution is the social location of the individual. The social location relates to individual’s jobs, incomes, education attainment, and race which affect his/her behaviors (Flowers, 2005). Sociologists observe that individuals with low income jobs and education are more likely to engage in prostitution than their counterparts in high income segments. Such individuals are more likely to engage in prostitution to receive a source of income and uplift their living standards (Mattley, Ven, & Faust, 2015). However, the sociologists observe that the reasons behind engaging in prostitution are diverse. They observe that lack of employment and education opportunities, as well as discrimination, are among the driving forces of prostitution. Other sociologists point that lack of sufficient resources and homelessness puts the vulnerable groups at the lure of seeking alternative means of survival, including engaging in illicit sexual behaviors.

The sociologists observe that prostitution should be made illegal on the basis that it interferes with the rights of the law abiding citizens who are forced into it. The sociologists observe that prostitution exposes the vulnerable groups to violence, abuse, and sexually transmitted infections (Di, 2009). a major deviant to such position by sociologists is the presence of a social system, in which the motives of prostitution are completely eliminated. In such situation, a regime of total sexual freedom would exist, in which individuals would act willingly and in regard to their consent. Therefore, there will be no institutional control of the prostitution, and marriage complications associated with jealousy, divorce, and legitimacy would not exist.https://123helpme.me/ Thus, the sociologists seem to advocate for prostitution on the basis of mutual consent of the parties involved. However, the scholar’s point is that such situation cannot occur in real world, since the society attempts to control any phenomena that interfere with their way of life. The position of the sociologists regarding prostitution differs from moralists view who point that prostitution is a major interference with the sacred institutions embedded in the society, such as the rights of the individual and family. Consequently, allowing prostitution to prevail under the preposition of mutual consent is extremely evil and contracts the social institutions, such as family.

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Law and Politics versus Prostitution

Contrary to the views of the socialists, the political and regulatory experts recognize prostitution as an economic activity, in which individuals give and demand in a regulated market system. The political and regulatory perspective observes that prostitution is a legitimate system of employment, which emerged in the 1980’s and eliminated all forms of discrimination. As such, people should be given the right to practice prostitution as a way of safeguarding their individual rights and freedoms. The regulatory and political experts observe that prostitution is a reasonable response to an inadequate range of opportunities for making a living (Bridges, 2015). However, the legal and political scholars distinguish between voluntary and forced prostitution. Legalizing prostitution should be viewed as a means of separating voluntary sex from sexual abuse. Therefore, prostitution is illegal in the political and legal context if it interferes with the rights of the counterparties (O’Brien, 2015). They include instances of sexual exploitation targeting a certain group of people in the society. Basically, the political and legal perspective of prostitution is to liberalize the act and empower individuals involved with it against sexual exploitation.

Gender and Women Studies versus Prostitution

In terms of gender, women have been identified as the most vulnerable groups as far as prostitution is concerned. The aforementioned fact by scholars in gender studies raises the question on why men are hardly involved in the prostitution business. On one perspective, power imbalances between men and women in society are one of the consequential reasons for such state of affairs. Prostitution is viewed as a means of reinforcing gender stereotypes between men and women and brings out the idea on men’s unrestricted access to women bodies (Chon, 2015). It also incorporates the hypothesis that sexual urges really are a special type of right and privilege that every male member of the society should be entitled to.

According to scholars in gender and women issues, prostitution is contrary to the pride and dignity of women in society (Kempadoo, Sanghera & Pattanaik, 2005). Thus, it should be eliminated at all costs and its perpetrators held accountable. The scholars state that prostitution is a form of “paid rape” and, therefore, needs to be criminalized. In another perspective, the vulnerability of women to sexual advances by men is attributed to the society cultural values. In some states of the United States, especially those inhabited by the black population, women have limited powers to possess and use property. When alternative means of survival seems insufficient, such women tend to engage in prostitution (Voulajarvi, 2015). Thus, cultural bias is a great source of prostitution business when it acts in contrary to the rights of women. Despite such fact, the scholars point that the situation is changing and more men are increasingly becoming involved into the previously women dominated business. Part of the reasons behind such shift is the increasing empowerment of women leading to more men becoming sexually lured by them in the upper income groups. Additionally, increase in marriage disintegrations have led to more engaging of men in prostitution to satisfy their sexual desires.

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Diversity Framework

Indeed, the society seems to have lost point in regard to their views regarding the practice of prostitution. In the United States as well as other countries of the world, women are regarded as immoral creatures as far as the business of prostitution is regarded (Chon, 2015). In all aspects women are blamed for the practice yet many men receive praises for the immoral act. What amazes most is the fact that it is men who perpetrate prostitution to satisfy that sexual desires.

Secondly the fact that women are not given an adequate room to discover issues of their sexuality affects the societal perceptions regarding prostitution. Women are forbidden from making decisions regarding their sexual life which gives room for exploitation by their male counterparts. Actually, women are required to obey male sales including sexual demands which affect their stand in regard to issues of sex and prostitution.

Self-Reflection

After researching on the current topic, I learned various perceptions regarding prostitution. Before embarking on the study, my view about prostitution was that it was the unnecessary evil, which had to be eliminated. However, I have learned several things from various approaches of the study. Firstly, I have learnt that some people engage in prostitution against their will. Such category mostly comprises of women who are forced by their parents when they are young to engage in the act as way of sustaining their livelihoods, as well as those of their families. As a result, such women are exposed to harmful situations, which are out of their control. Secondly, I have leant that prostitution affects various members of the society, including those who are not involved with it. Consequently, it requires the concerted efforts of all stakeholders to solve the problem (Monzini, 2005).

The three perspectives used in the study, which include the sociological, legal-political, and gender studies, helped me raise critical questions regarding the issues of prostitution. The perspectives were very crucial in helping me appreciate different ideas of each scholar and integrate them to make a concrete positional argument. It enabled me to avoid biasness in determining the main concerns raised by scholars regarding prostitution. In my view, the legal and political perspective on prostitution fails to address several concerns, which make its assumptions rather invalid. Legalizing prostitution may cause negative impacts on the vulnerable groups in the community (Chon, 2015). They include women and underage girls who are forced to engage in the activity to cater for the needs of their families. I tend to support the sociological perspective of prostitution, in which the scholars does not necessarily legalize prostitution but consent to the fact that it should be practiced within the bounds of free-will. However, since the concept of “free will” is not explicitly defined, the idea is left for interpretation by the relevant authorities.

Moreover, prior to the research I had developed negative perceptions against women, given that the majority of those who engage in prostitution fall under this category. Indeed, I tended to believe that women are generally evil, plus the business of prostitution could be dealt with if more women could live more responsible lives. Upon researching on the topic, I have learned to appreciate the reason why more women engage in prostitution compared to their male counterparts. Ideally, lack of employment and cultural biasness exposes women to the danger of the lure into prostitution compared to men (Kuo, 2005). Therefore, more females are likely to engage in prostitution according to such fact compared to males.

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In addition, I have gained necessary insights and skills in the writing process as a result of undertaking the research. I have learned how to examine data and information from a multidimensional perspective to draw meaningful conclusions. My methods include drawing comparisons and contrasts on divergent views of scholars as presented in their arguments. In future, I hope to utilize this new knowledge to improve my term paper and article research and writing skills.

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Second, texting while driving also leads to physical driver distraction. It is easy to imagine how drivers manage to hold the phone and drive the car simultaneously. In order to do so, they have to take a cell phone into one hand and drive car with their free hand. When one or two hands are used to type on a phone, it will cause the frequency of wheel corrections to be reduced or delayed (Owens, McLaughlin, & Sudweeks, 2011). As expected, it would affect their lateral vehicle control as drivers with busy hands have slower responses to hazards.

Next, those who text while driving spend nearly 10% of their time outside of their lane. Comparing to baseline driving, those at the wheel do not control their vehicle within the lane as accurate. By acting like that, inattentive drivers put all the participants of the road traffic under risk. First, these drivers put the pedestrians under the risk; without paying attention to the road, they are not able to notice the red light and may hit them. Second, they put other drivers under the risk. While other drivers try to follow the rules of the traffic road, they stick to their lanes. When even one participant of the traffic road moves from the lane inappropriately, it forces other drivers to do exactly the same. In that case, the chances for the car accidents increase. Therefore, moving outside the lane is very dangerous when even for a while.

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Apart from that, texting while driving influences the speed at which the car moves. Those who read and type the text messages at the wheel are likely to decrease their speed increasing the space between the vehicles in front of them. This driving behavior disturbs the road balance.

It is the same with driving off the lane. On the other hand, the decreasing of speed is compensated by visual distraction to some degree. In any case, texting while driving interferes with an appropriate driving performance.

Of course, there are people who would disagree with the negative influence of the texting while driving. Many of them continue to do it even after all the statistics and tragic stories of the car accidents. Moreover, according to statistics, “77 % of young adults are extremely or somewhat confident that they can safely text while driving, and 55% of young adults claim it is easy to text while they drive” (Marino, 2012). Such “safe” drivers justify them texting while driving with some of the common excuses. They say that reading a text is not as dangerous as composing and sending messages. In the meanwhile, they see nothing wrong in holding the phone while driving as they hold it near the windshield “for better visibility.” Another popular excuse is that drivers who text at the wheel do it only at stop sign or red light. Besides, what encourages people to engage in texting in the car is the example of other drivers. Despite all these excuses, one can easily notice that texting while driving has many negative consequences, and does not have a single positive one. Excuses are just excuses, and they do not justify the injuries and deaths of innocent people who suffer because of the car accidents. If a given issue has such a negative impact, people should avoid it and try to solve it.

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Taking into account the problem’s scale, the government of the U. S. has already taken some measures to prevent the negative consequences of texting while driving. The laws prohibiting text messages and using cell phones were adopted in many states. By now, “10 states prohibit all drivers from using handled cell phones, 32 states prohibit novice drivers from cell phone use, and 39 states prohibit from text messaging” (Marino, 2012).

Still, these measures seem to be insufficient. One can add to them a policy or strategy intended to raise the social awareness of the negative consequences of texting while driving. Some public service announcements recommend changing the public attitude towards the given problem. Until people realize the risks associated with texting while driving, they would continue doing it.

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To conclude, texting while driving has many negative consequences. It affects almost all aspects of safe driving performance. First, it constitutes a visual distraction for the driver. Reading and typing the messages forces the driver not to look at the road and decreases his attentiveness. Second, texting while driving also leads to physical driver distraction. It affects driver’s lateral vehicle control as busy hands cause slower responses to hazards. Third, those who text while driving, spend nearly 10% of their time outside their lane. By doing so, the drivers put the pedestrians and other drivers under the risk. Thus, texting while driving is harmful for health and safety of the entire population. It is on the behalf of the society to follow the legislation and raise the awareness of the outcomes of texting while driving.

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Over the past years there have been numerous controversies in regard to animal screening. Many people have criticized the use of animals in the screening labs. Various people have termed the process as inhuman due to various reasons. While many scientists term the move of using animals to test chemicals, medicines and cosmetics before being released to the market as inevitable, there are still quite a large number of people who are against this move. Animal screening is an ungodly and way of violation of the animals’ rights to life. Animal screening has led to death of these animals plus the number is projected be more than 100 million animals that die every year. Once the process of animal screening is undertaken, it makes the animal incapacitated and unable to reproduce while numerous are left dead. Animals really are a part of God’s creation and therefore no one has the authority to interfere with their lives. The animals to be tested are confined in some of the most hostile environments whereby they undergo through harsh environmental conditions that are not suitable for their normal life. The rise in the number of animals that die while going through lab tests also posses a great threat to their extinction. In some instances, the animals to be tested are reared in the labs where the screening actually takes place. However, there are still other small companies that take the animals out of their natural habitants without replacement or bleeding their particular. Other learning institutions are also victims of taking the animals to be tested from their natural habitants without replacing them, with new ones. This move is a great threat to animal extinction and may see the animals varnish from existence in the near future.

Various animals have been put in different environment in the labs that is not just like the natural environment that they’re supposed to be reared in. as a result; these animals have different adaptations to their new environments as compared to their initial natural habitants. Consequently, this adaptation to their new environments has led the animals to have a different response to the chemicals used on them as compared to those that are in their natural habitants. As a result, the chemicals used on the animals reared in the modified environmental condition portray different results on the chemicals used on them. Some of the results that these animals portray are different from those that are intended by the scientists. In some instances, the scientists may not know that the different reaction of the chemical on the test animal is as a result of change of their natural habitants. In instances where the animals that are confined in the test labs for a long time, the chemicals are released to the market. However, the results that are got when people use these chemicals and medicines are different from those that were intended. The use of these chemicals and medicines therefore pose health hazard to human beings (Watson, 2009, p.14).

Animal screening should also be discouraged when it comes to testing cosmetics. Many companies have used animals to tests their cosmetics products such as anti-wrinkle chemicals and hair gels. However, the results that the animals portray later prove to be far from those that are portrayed when people use the same products. This trend is contributed by the different skin types that animals and human beings have. Scientifically, the animal skins and those of human beings are made of different genes and cells. As a result, the cosmetics tested on the animals give diverse final results when they are used on human beings. One of the factors that has contributed to the diverse skin types between human beings and animals is that the animals are exposed to harsh weather conditions during the day and night as the human beings shelter in their houses. Consequently, the skin texture plus the resistance to the cosmetics of the animals are much higher than those of the human beings. The use of animals to test cosmetics may therefore prove to be of less or no use in the near future.

Despite the diverse critics in regard to animal screening, there are still the positive sides to go by. While many people feel that animal screening should be banned all over the world, the move is inevitable in some instances. Animal screening is a great move that aims at ensuring that a specific chemical product or cosmetic is safe for use by the human beings. Currently, there are few chemical experiments that can be used to find the effectiveness of a certain cosmetic product on the skin of a human being. This has therefore called for the move to use animal testing to ascertain the effectiveness of various cosmetic products. Although in some instances the animals may not give the best results in regard to how effective a cosmetic is the companies undertaking the tests have an idea of the stipulated reaction of the cosmetic on a human body. In some instances, once the animals give negative results such as irritation on the skin once the cosmetics are applied on them, the analysts definitely know that the product has not achieved the right standards for human use. As a result, the product cannot be released to the market once such negative results are experienced on the test-animals. Animal screening therefore plays a great role in determining the cosmetics that are suitable for human use and those that will cause severe damage to their skins (Fano, 1997, p.9).

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Animal screening is a great method of testing chemicals and vaccines that are to be used in the human bodies. The tests on these animals to determine how effective a vaccine is has therefore aided the scientists in coming up with some of the best vaccines ever. Very few people, if any, would risk being the first to test the effectiveness on their bodies. As a result, animals that have no objection and cannot defend themselves are used to tests these vaccines. Moreover, the life of the animals that are tested cannot be compared with that of a human being. The animals that are tested include mice and rats among other different species. The gestation period of these animals is less than that of human beings. These animals also give birth to very many young ones at a go as compared to the human beings. Therefore, there is always the availability of an animal to be tested even when one dies.

Some of the cosmetics products that are tested on the animals’ fur portray exactly the same results when applied on the human hair. The positive results that have been achieved by the use of animals to test cosmetics that are meant for the human hair have seen various companies come up with different types of hair oil and chemicals. This has been made possible due to the animals’ far that has the same textual as that of this human beings. More so, the living cells in the human hair are not very sensitive to chemicals and as a result, various companies have come up with various hair products that can be used for diverse purposes on the hair.

In conclusion, animal screening has both its merits and demerits. However, the merits seem to favor the human beings more than the animal lives. The issue of animal screening will continue being addressed until a better and effective way of undertaking medical and cosmetics researches is found. It may take some time therefore to come up with a method of medical and cosmetics screening that do not integrate a living thing to be accepted.

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Current Problems of Indoor Air Contamination

The existing problems can result after a contact or frequent exposure to a contaminated environment, including effects on the eyes, nose, plus the throat, irritation, headache, faintness and tiredness (Liu, Guo, & Pan, 2008). In most occasions, these immediate effects generally last for a short period and they are easily treated through seeking instant medication help or direct application of drugs. Treatment sometimes presupposes the elimination for the patient’s exposure to the identified factors of pollution. Infections like asthma, pneumonia and humidifier fever have also been linked to indoor air pollution. The possibility of immediate reactions to indoor air pollutants depends upon the age plus the pre-existing medical conditions of a person (MacKerron, 2009). Some individuals could be instantly affected after a continuous contact with biological pollutants. On the other hand, particular instantaneous problems are associated with people’s colds or other viral diseases (Laumbach, 2010). It is imperative to concentrate on the time and place of the occurrence of these symptoms to identify whether infections are because of indoor pollution or not.

Long-Term Health Problems

Other health problems may occur after a long time especially after a repeated exposure to toxic wastes. Such conditions as respiratory problems, heart disease and cancer can be severe to the patient (MacKerron, 2009). Indoor air pollution involves biological threats to one or more targeted organs caused by the absorption and transmission of pollutants within the body. They include gastrointestinal, hepatic or renal problems, and immunosuppressive effects on the organs’ systems such as the liver, kidney plus the gastrointestinal tract (Noonan, 2010). Moreover, the latter is the first system that is affected by chemicals contained in food and drinks (Colbeck, Nasir, & Ali, 2010). The gut provides a path for the removal of toxic chemicals, drugs and metabolic substances through the liver plus the bile system. More importantly, contaminating agents initially affect the mucociliary clearance and then are transferred to the throat. Because of the transportation and dilution of pollutants in the body fluids, few regulatory issues may arise due to a minor contact with microorganisms. However, it might result into be chronic or sub-chronic diseases (Liu, Guo, & Pan, 2008).

Social Problems Related to Indoor Air Pollution

Some cultural and communal views and practices may cause challenges of indoor air pollution. The education level is of great social importance for people to be aware of how to save their home from dangerous pollutants, mold and chemicals that pose threats to their health. Social problems commonly affect the health of many individuals either directly or indirectly as some people from low social classes may not pay attention to keeping their homes clean. It results into air pollution within the surrounding (Noonan, 2010). Some people believe that those who come from a higher economic class in society have a lower risk of contracting infections caused by air pollution (Crawford, 2005). However, whether or not their homes are cleaner than the ones of the poor, they may face other issues that cause indoor air pollution. These may include social determinants that press an individual to smoke tobacco. They include the total legality of smoking, peer pressure, family background, as well as awareness and smoking policies.

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