By the way, it became known not yesterday and not today.
In the spring of this year, the Ministry of Education has already printed collections of tasks for the state final certification. And what happened? Educators, parents and students still remember well. They cleaned their parents’ pockets for a few hundred hryvnias, and then said that “you didn’t understand us that well”, that it was not necessary to buy such collections, and that the teacher could prepare the task himself. As a result, only publishers of these collections needed to conduct tests.
If the “parents” of Ukrainian education do so, then why not make up for their budget and the “child” – the Ukrainian Center for Educational Quality Assessment? “It is for this single publication that the center takes responsibility,” Ms. Zaitseva said officially. And why not say when there is nothing to take responsibility for, because it is easy to take responsibility for the answer sheets.
Do our entrants really need such individual sets? We will understand in time. Probably, when all the kits will pass through the hands of intermediaries, and only then will they reach the students, with an increase in the retail price.
I deliberately do not want to sum up, especially generalizing. He simply set out his vision of such a resonant phenomenon as external independent evaluation. Even if someone does not agree with this point of view, I believe that I have the right to my own position. And for those who think differently, the following Arabic proverb will be useful: no matter how much you say the word “halva” in your mouth, it will not become sweeter, and no matter how much you claim that everything is good in the Ukrainian version of the external evaluation, it will not get better.
Author: Oleg Ivanov, editor-in-chief of the magazine “Open Lesson”.
Interview with Pavlo Polyansky, Chairman of the Board of the Center for Educational Monitoring, Former Deputy Minister of Education and Science of Ukraine (Ukr.)
The Ministry of Education will not cancel the external evaluation, but will do everything to level it, – Pavel Polyansky
“The Ministry will not decide to cancel the external evaluation”
– Registration for participation in the External Evaluation-2011 has been completed. In the context of the fact that testing in 2010 was highly criticized, and the Ministry of Education is proposing new changes, how do you assess it?
– In fact, the parameters of passing this year’s EIT by entrants are already enshrined in the Terms of Admission for 2011 approved by the Ministry and developed on their basis by higher education institutions Admission Rules. In the generalized monitoring of the first hundred days of activity of the current leading educational team, the Center for Educational Monitoring expressed its opinion on its disinterest in maintaining the EIT in the form in which it was carried out in previous years – during the terms of Vasyl Kremen, Stanislav Nikolaenko and Ivan Vakarchuk. Then the public approval of the External Evaluation reached about 80%. We then predicted that from a political point of view, the ministry would not dare to directly abolish the EIT, which is so strongly supported by the public. Instead, everything will be done to level the value of the EIT.
Obviously, but not “fortunately” that these predictions came true: “blurring” of the share of the certificate of external evaluation of the so-called “average score” of higher education (it is proposed in the new draft law “On Higher Education “), reduction to 200 points average score school certificate, expansion of the number of entrants who can bypass the EIT, change of leadership of the Ukrainian Center for Educational Quality Assessment (UCEO) and other things indicate the dismantling of the admission system, which was based on uniform for all transparent procedures. Those procedures, thanks to which for the first time in prestigious specialties, such as international relations, international economics, in the most prestigious universities, and usually considered as such by the capital’s universities, were students who even looked different from regulars: modestly dressed ” newcomers “from regional and district centers, from villages. But well-prepared and full of desire to learn. In some “elite” specialties of “elite” universities, such freshmen may not have been there for many years. Moreover, children from such social strata never even dared to submit documents there.
I am aware that this model was not perfect and needed refinement, but it provided public confidence – something that is so hard to come by and, as it turns out, easy to lose.
– That is, how will the external evaluation actually have such significance?
– The question is: what will be the meaning. Whether the EIT will become a kind of “fifth wheel to the cart” will be finally clarified after the adoption of the new Law of Ukraine “On Higher Education” and the 2011 admission campaign.
– So, Tabachnyk is deliberately going to return corruption when entering universities, giving so much weight to the school certificate, as well as planning to introduce specialized university exams?
– I think that this question should not be addressed to me. I can give an expert assessment of processes and trends in education, but not 123helpme.me personalities. Why, in my opinion, it is inappropriate to equate the scores of the school certificate to 200 points, that is, in fact, to pass the external examination in one subject? Because testing takes place in public. All entrants see each other, all sit in the classroom in exactly the same conditions, work with standardized tasks, the content of which is kept secret until the beginning of the procedure, checks “closed” tasks computer, and “open” – teachers who did not teach entrants. In addition, these people are from completely different regions. In the entire history of Ukrainian testing, there has not been a single case of separation of external evaluation tasks. There were all sorts of rumors that something was for sale, but there was no case of sale or merger of information. Even in countries that started testing before us, such as Lithuania and Poland, there were cases of task separation, when the test results were canceled in all countries. We did not have. What will happen now will largely depend on the staffing situation in the UTSOYAO and its regional offices.
Points for the school certificate are set on the basis of completely different procedures, and there is no reason to put them on the same level. Principal teachers who do not overestimate the score, as well as those schools, gymnasiums, lyceums that give good knowledge, but also have a certain level of requirements, already suffer from such “innovation”.
So close to the fact that soon the average score of 200 or so will become commonplace. It’s as if at a public shooting competition someone suddenly pulled a target out of his pocket, where the hit – only in the “dozens” and tried to convince that he was “at home” so accurately shot. Maybe he fired, or maybe he pierced those holes with a nail – no one saw that. My words in no way affect the honor and professional dignity of teachers. On the contrary, I am just worried about them in conditions when there will be insane pressure from certain parents and children on them to force them to put undeservedly high scores.
Testology is a very complex science. In Ukraine, testing specialists can be counted on the fingers of several hands. There are many more people willing to “manage” testing.
– That is, there is no one to change specialists …
– You can change anyone. The main thing is that each subsequent change gave a higher professional level. All the specialists who are there were involved in this system. To understand testing, you need to study special literature for many years, visit foreign testing centers, have educational management skills. Without this, nothing will work.
Reduction of the state order will force rectors to go on “compromises”
– Do you think they will introduce a profile entrance exam? Is this also a reason for corruption?
– Higher educational institutions in the field of art, sports, creative professions may conduct certain tests. There is nothing extraordinary here. But there are many nuances, because, for example, if a person is deprived of musical hearing and has no vocal data, then no matter what points he has in the certificate of passing the external examination, it is unlikely he will become a student at the conservatory. Therefore, it is important which factor will play a decisive role in accession. Higher art and sports universities are really a separate category. As for the others, in my opinion, it is enough to take into account the points of the external examination in the profile subject. In addition, a higher education institution has the right to set a bar for a profile subject much higher than 124 points.
– Regarding the changes proposed by the Ministry: to what extent do they correspond to Ukraine’s course towards the European quality of education?
– Today, it is difficult to really imagine what this course is, what it is. Discussions are currently underway to mechanistically reduce the state order by 40 percent or more. They say because the number of graduates has decreased by such percentages. Yes, but the state order depends not only on the number of school graduates. The state order should first of all depend on how many specialists in a certain specialty the economy and the humanitarian, spiritual branch of the country, the sphere of service need. The sharp reduction in public procurement primarily narrows the opportunities for children from poor families, but smart children, to take the only chance – to get a higher education and make their future life more successful, their parents managed to take the place of public procurement. Any reduction, even such a massive one, will not affect the “golden youth” of the so-called “majors” because they study in other countries. And if suddenly in Ukraine, the paid form of education will be even more convenient for them, because, as you know, who pays, he orders the music.
What happens next? And then there are respectable people in this country, I think of them that way, because they are the best people, the rectors, who will be forced to pad the thresholds of educational officials, begging for a state order. Because without this, they will be forced to fire teachers, whose only “fault” is that the country has a temporary demographic decline. By the way, it became known not yesterday and not today. Even when the Law of Ukraine “On General Secondary Education” was adopted in 1999, it was determined that the demographic trend would lead to a reduction in the number of graduates in 2011.
Instead, in 2010, fueling the horror of saying that “there will be no graduation”, the European model of a twelve-year school with a senior three-year profile school in its structure was slaughtered, and now they are still trying to ” save “on government contracts.