What are internal exams in universities
The internal exam entered Russian educational realities along with the introduction of the USE. The most standardized graduation school test, the results of which are assessed on a single scale, has leveled the chances of admission to the best universities in the country for all applicants, but certain categories of applicants can, and in some cases must, also take internal exams at universities.
What is an internal exam at the instituteWho can takeUniversities that conduct entrance testsDVI of profile orientationCreativeHow does DWI goOn the subjects of the examProfessionalWhat happens if you do not pass the internal examRelated VideosComments
What is an internal exam at the institute
The majority of applicants are enrolled in Russian universities based on the results https://123helpme.me/hero-essay-example/ of the USE. Most, but not all – for some categories of applicants, it is legally provided for entrance examinations – internal exams that educational institutions organize themselves.
The internal exam is the main or additional entrance test (DWI), which is conducted at the university according to its programs, but has the same force and significance as the results of the exam.
Internal exams can be of a different nature:
profile – in general subjects (exam disciplines);creative and (or) professional – not in the USE subjects, they are needed in order to determine the level of artistic abilities, psychological or physical fitness of applicants in some areas; such internal exams are called supplementary entrance tests.
Entrance exams in general subjects can also be basic (that is, they serve as a full-fledged alternative to the USE) and additional – in this case, their results are summed up with points for the unified state exam and significantly affect the position of the applicant in the competitive rating list.
Who can take
Applicants of several categories have the right to take internal profile entrance examinations as the main ones instead of the USE:
disabled people and persons with disabilities (HH);Foreigners;those who received secondary general education in Russian schools abroad and passed the final certification (GIA) not in the form of the USE.
Also, the internal exam as an entrance exam is taken by:
graduates of colleges and universities who enroll in a bachelor’s degree or a specialist in a specialized direction (for example, designers – for construction or architecture, primary school teachers – for pedagogy);applicants for a second university degree;students who are transferred from one university to another (if provided by the rules of the educational institution).
Additional creative or professional entrance examinations are carried out by universities for applicants to pedagogical, medical, military, many engineering (architecture, construction) and, naturally, creative specialties.
Universities that conduct entrance tests
All higher educational institutions can take internal exams instead of the USE for foreigners and those who have taken the GVE or graduated from the secondary school. Additional tests of knowledge in general subjects or creative tests are carried out only in some cases by some universities.
DWI profile orientation
Profiled subjects are considered subjects, a good knowledge of which is necessary for working in a future profession. School graduates take exams in such disciplines during the Unified State Exam – for admission to the desired specialty. But some high-ranking universities conduct an additional internal exam in a specialized (that is, general education) subject. Few educational institutions have this right.
The register of universities that can conduct internal exams in USE subjects before enrollment is annually formed by the Ministry of Education and Science and approved by the Government of the Russian Federation, along with a list of areas corresponding to the tests. Rosobrnadzor selects universities and institutes according to the rules approved by Decree No. 843 of the Government of the Russian Federation of August 25, 2016. Not all universities that have applied for internal exams in specialized subjects pass hard “casting”.
In order to obtain the exclusive right to double-check the knowledge of applicants, a higher educational institution must break records for the quality of admission to the budget for three consecutive years. Translated into the dry language of statistics, this means that at least 90% of freshmen enrolled in all accredited specialties of the university meet one of two criteria:
entered without exams as winners and prize-winners of the Olympiads;passed the competition with the USE results not lower than 90 points.
In the past three years, only six universities have received the right to conduct specialized DVI for certain specialties. Four of them were included in the list approved by a special government order.
|University||Directions (bachelor’s and specialty) for which specialized DVI is carried out|
|Moscow State Law University. O. E. Kutafina||Jurisprudence|
|Moscow State Linguistic University||
Translation and translation studies
|Nizhny Novgorod State Linguistic University N.A. Dobrolyubova||Translation and translation studies|
|Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) MFA of Russia||
Foreign Regional Studies
Advertising and public relations
The permanent special status of two more – Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University and St. Petersburg State University (St. Petersburg State University) – enshrined in the law on education. These two flagships of the Russian higher school do not participate in the annual competitive selection and independently determine the specialties and directions, upon admission to which applicants pass the DVI.
Higher educational institutions are also in a special position, education in which implies further admission to the civil service and obtaining admission to state secrets. These are the universities of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the FSO and the Ministry of Emergencies. The list of additional tests that they can conduct for admission to certain specialties is established by the corresponding founding ministries. Future diplomats take English, security officials – mathematics, Russian or social studies.
Rosobrnadzor and the government are extremely picky about the formation of the list of universities, endowed with the exclusive right to conduct internal profile exams. If in 2009 the list included 24 educational institutions, then in 2010 there were only 11, and in 2014 there were only 5 at all.
The Unified State Exam is a universal exam for everyone. During it, students solve tasks of the same type, and their level of training is assessed on a single scale. This form of knowledge control has leveled the chances of admission to prestigious universities for all applicants, regardless of whether they live in a large city or province. But no tests will show the level of talent of a future artist or the physical fitness of a potential rescuer.
In order to assess the abilities of their future students, whether they have creative talents, certain psychological or physical qualities, some universities conduct internal exams. Sometimes their results are even more important for admission to college than USE scores.
The most important function of the DVI is to exclude a situation when an enrolled student will be unable to study. Competition for prestigious specialties, as a rule, 10-15 or more applicants for a place. Thanks to the exam, the university can weed out random candidates and recruit students who are able to master the chosen profession.
Passes an internal exam in the form of written work, psychological testing, creative testing, passing physical training standards or just an oral interview. The main areas in which universities additionally “test” the knowledge, skills, talents and capabilities of applicants include:
different types of art, culture and creativity (vocal, circus, acting, painting, choreography, directing, film studies, etc.);journalism;design;architecture;urban planning;sculpture;medical business;pedagogy, special education;physical Culture and sport;air navigation;customs.
A complete list of areas and specialties for which internal exams of a creative and professional orientation are passed was approved by order No. 21 of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation of January 17, 2014.
How does DWI go
Internal exams and DVI for each subject are carried out by universities according to uniform assignments and, as a rule, simultaneously for all faculties in which the discipline is included in the list of mandatory entrance examinations. Written papers, like the Unified State Exam, are “depersonalized” – they are assigned a code and checked in encrypted form according to standard criteria. The results of the internal exam are automatically included in the competition in all areas where the applicant has applied.
On the subjects of the exam
Additional testing in specialized subjects of the unified state examination usually takes place in writing. Something supernatural is rarely required during it. The questions on the tickets do not go beyond the school curriculum, but cover a little more than the USE.
The profile entrance exam is not so much a test of school knowledge, but of understanding of the subject, the ability to think logically.
For example, the DVI in mathematics, which is so feared by applicants to Moscow State University, in recent years consisted of 8 tasks that must be solved in 4 astronomical hours.
The first 4 questions are easy and of medium difficulty, a graduate of a non-specialized school with a four in mathematics can easily cope with them. Tasks 5 and 6 are considered more difficult, and only 2% of applicants make an attempt to solve 7th and 8th, and it is obtained by about 0.5% of applicants. But 6-7 solved tasks are enough to score 75-80 points, sufficient for admission to technical faculties. The minimum for future economists is 50, and the main thing for managers is simply to get a positive assessment.
Information about DVI in mathematics for applicants to the Faculty of Economics of Moscow State University
If the internal exam is conducted not in addition to the USE, but for those who took the GVE or passed the final certification in a different form, then the tasks never go beyond the school curriculum.
Fragment of an explanatory note to the program of internal exams in mathematics at MIREA – Russian Technological University
DWI in the humanities often implies the ability to express one’s thoughts, to defend one’s own opinion. For example, at the entrance exam in social studies, the applicant needs not only to show basic knowledge of the subject, but also to present reasoning on a specific problem.
The exam for future linguists-linguists usually includes a test and listening, rarely an oral interview with an examiner. Preparation for it must begin already from the 7th-8th grade, or study at a school with in-depth study of a foreign language.
The exam for admission to specialties related to art and creativity is usually held in several rounds. Each, as a rule (other options are possible), is evaluated on a 100-point scale. In total, you can score 200-300 points plus a plus to the exam.
There is no single standard for conducting creative exams; their programs are developed directly at the university. But they all have one goal – to give the applicant the opportunity to open up. Generally speaking, future painters, artists and graphic artists paint, journalists write, vocalists sing. At the same time, examiners pay a lot of attention to potential.
For example, in the ballet academy, they look closely at physical data, plasticity, artistry and a sense of rhythm. In music universities – on the possession of the instrument and the ability to improvise. In art institutions, technique, vision and imagination are valued.
Upon admission to VGIK im. Gerasimova, future actors are auditioned – photo and video filming; directors – read excerpts of works of art and perform creative tasks that require imagination, observation, and imaginative thinking.
Often the internal exam has two components – creative and professional. In the same VGIK, applicants for the “Production” specialty first set out in writing their understanding of this profession, its significance in various areas of creative production. Then there is one more written work in which you need to show your knowledge of literature, music, cinematography, and fine arts. The last task is professional: the applicant develops the plot and idea of his own work, determines the nature of filming, editing, advertising and distribution campaign.
Future architects pass one of the most difficult DWI. They need to make several drawings – from nature (or a plaster model) and compositional – from abstract geometric shapes. Those who succeed will have a final exam – in drawing.
The choice of such a profession as a teacher is often unconscious. But the teaching path requires a certain temperament, so future teachers undergo psychological testing and a creative exam. Its purpose is to reveal the inclination and ability to work with children, to correctly present the material.
But future doctors will face a test of a purely professional orientation. The exam takes place in writing. The ticket usually includes several questions on various school sciences related to the human body (biology, anatomy, physiology, parasitology, genetics, etc.) and a task. You will also need knowledge of first aid.
DVI for candidates for study at military universities depends on the profile of the direction. Usually, you only need to pass the standards for physical training – running (100 m and 3 km), pulling up on the bar (for boys) or press (for girls), in the institutes of the Navy – also swimming. But some specialties have other exams. For example, future conductors of a brass band will have a creative DVI, and military translators and those who will guard the borders – a professional one.
What happens if you do not pass the internal exam
Those who did not pass the internal exam will not be admitted to the university. But only in the one where the test took place. DWI is an exam that shows how the applicant’s knowledge corresponds to the specifics of not only the chosen direction, but also a particular university. Therefore, the main thing for those who did not score enough points is not to despair. Perhaps, in a university with less competition or in another, related, direction of study, there will be much more chances to enter. You can, of course, try again in a year, having thoroughly prepared for the internal exam.
Be sure to study the programs of internal exams – they are published on the websites of universities. Many faculties of prestigious universities and institutes conduct preparatory courses for applicants. On them you can get acquainted with the tasks that will be on tests. Well, to finally gain confidence in your abilities, talk to the students of the chosen university. They will share their experience of admission and tell you whether it is difficult to pass the internal exam at the university.